Rightly Dividing - Lesson 6

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Figures used in the Word

by Don Treadway, February 2000

Parable

Comparison that is always possible

Matthew 13:10

II Samuel 12:1-6

Luke 20-19:9

 

Fable

A story attributing human traits to non humans to teach a truth

Judges 9:6-21

II Kings14:8-10

 

Simile

Something is like something else

Isaiah 29:8

Luke 7:32

 

Similitude

A drawn out simile that is made up of similes not woven into a story and contains it's own explanation

Matthew 7:24-27

Psalms 90:4-6

 

Metaphor

A simile without a comparison (not like but is)

Luke 13:31-32

Matthew 26:2628

 

Allegory

A figurative story with an implied meaning (neither like or is but implied)

Eccl. 12:2-6

Ephesians 6:1117

 

Metonymy of the cause

(Using one name for another) cause stands for the effect

Ephesians 4:20

Luke2:27

 

Metonymy of the effect

Cause is stated but the effect is meant

Matthew 13:37, 38

Deut. 30:15

 

Metonymy of the subject

The subject is named but some property or circumstance is intended

Luke 2:19

Genesis 4:11

Matthew 25:31-40

Acts 1:18

 

Metonymy of the adjunct

The abstract of something is mentioned when the subject itself is meant

Job 32:7

Romans 3:30

 

Synecdoche

Either the whole is used for a part or a part is mentioned for the whole

Acts 24:5

Luke 2:1

 

Proverb

A concise sentence containing a often repeated valuable lesson

Matthew 24:32

II Peter 2:22

 

Irony

One thing is said while another is meant

I Kings 18:27

Acts 2:13

Sarcasm

A taunt or cutting jest

Matthew 28:29

Mark 15:31, 32

 

Hyperbole

An exaggeration for emphasis sake

Numbers 13:33

Ephesians 3:8

 

Personification

Objects or animals are said to act like or feel like a human

Matthew 6:34
Jeremiah 46:9,10

 

Antithesis

Opposites in the same sentence

Matthew 5:21, 27, 33, etc.

Matthew 25:46

 

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10/05/2012