Study John 21

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John 21 Outline



Jesus appears to His disciples. (vv.1-14)

• These events occurred at the Sea of Tiberius. (v.1)

• Those who were present: (v.2)

    - Simon Peter.

    - Thomas called Didymus.

    - Nathanael of Cana of Galilee.

    - The Sons of Zebedee (James and John, though not stated; Mt. 4:21).

    - Two other disciples.

• Simon decides to go fishing and the rest say that they will go with him. They immediately entered a ship and that night they caught nothing. (v.3)

• When morning comes, Jesus is standing on the shore and the disciples do not know that it is Him. (v.4) They were about 200 cubits out from shore (about 300ft). (v.8)

• Jesus asks them if they have any meat and they say "No". (v.5)

• Jesus tells them to cast the net on the right side of the ship and they could not draw the net back up because there were so many fish in the net. (v.6)

• "The disciple whom Jesus loved" tells Peter it is the Lord. Peter puts on his fisher’s coat because he was naked (undressed) and jumps into the sea. (v.7)

• The other disciples follow Peter in a little ship. (v.8)

• When the get to shore they see a fire of coals with fish on it and bread. (v.9)

• Jesus tells them to bring the fish which they had caught and Peter drags the net full of great fishes. (vv.10-11)

• There are 153 fishes and the net does not break. (v.11)

• Jesus tells them to come and dine and they know it is the Lord. (v.12)

• Jesus gives them fish and bread. (v.13)

• This is the third time Jesus had appeared unto them. (v.14)


Jesus’ Discussion with Peter. (vv.15-23)

• Jesus asks Peter three questions:

    - Question 1: "Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these?" (v.15)

    - Answer 1 : "Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee." (v.15)

    - Response: "Feed my lambs." (v.15)

    - Question 2: "Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me?" (v.16)

    - Answer 2: "Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee." (v.16)

    - Response: "Feed my sheep." (v.16)

    - Question 3: "Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me?" (v.17)

    - Answer 3: "Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee." (v.17)

    - Response: "Feed my sheep." (v.17)

• Jesus foretells of Peter’s death. (vv.18-19)

    - Jesus tells Peter that when he was young he could go wherever he wanted but when he was old, someone else would carry him where he would not want to go.  He would stretch forth his hand and another would gird (bind) him. (v.18)

    - We are told that Jesus was foretelling the death that Peter would die in giving glory to God. (v.19)  

    (Tradition tells us that Peter was crucified upside down.)

    (He said that he did not deserve to die in the same fashion in which Jesus had.)

• He then tells Peter to, "Follow me." (v.19)

• Peter now turns around and sees the disciple whom Jesus loved following and asks Jesus, "What shall this man do?". (vv.20-21)

• Jesus basically tells him not to worry about it. He says, "If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?" ("tarry" means to live). (v.22)

• Jesus is saying that even if this disciple never dies at all, Peter should not worry about it.

• Instead, he should follow Jesus. (v.22)

• Because of this, many started to say that that disciple would not die, but they had misunderstood what Jesus meant. (v.23)


Conclusion to the Book. (vv.24-25)

• Here the writer identifies himself as "the disciple whom Jesus loved." (v.24)

• He tells us that Jesus also did many other things but if they were all to be written, the whole world could not contain the books. (v.25)



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